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Buddhism by Numbers
Hakuin's Daruma

assembled by Vladimir K.

This chart contains approximately 215 uses of numbering in Buddhism. The use of taxonomies is ubiquitous throughout Buddhist literature reflecting the cultural propensities of India, Tibet, China, Japan and the other countries where Buddhism took root and developed.
Difficulties: the lack of consistency among translators presents its own problems in a database such as this. Wherever possible, I've included, primarily, Sanskrit names or the Chinese or Japanese names, depending on the original source being used. In some cases I've included a number of English translations (such as the Three Jewels, Three Treasures, Threefold Refuges) under the same heading when all are commonly used. The chart is in numerical order but to keep the size suitable for Web use I have avoided multiple references wherever possible. This means that if you are looking for the Six Gunas, you'll find them under the Six Consiousnesses.
How to use this chart: the easiest way to use this chart is to use the search function in your browser.
Corrections and additions always welcome!

The Numbers
2 Two Attachments 1. attachments which are inborn, instinctive (sahaja)
2. attachments which are acquired from reasoning
   and discrimination (vikalpita)
2 Two Admonitions of the Buddha
(Lotus Sutra) (J. nika-no-kangyo)
1. the enlightenment of Devadatta (hence, evil people can become Buddhas
2. the enlightenment of the dragon king's daughter (hence, women can become Buddhas)
Soka Gakkai
2 Two Gates of Meaning 1. the absolute (silence)
2. the relative (speech)
2. Two Hindrances to Enlightenment 1. hindrance of knowledge
2. hindrance of passion
2 Two Principals of Karmic Retribution 1. good and evil deeds produce happiness and suffering
2. results return to none other than the performer of the deeds
2 Two Teachings and Five Periods
of Hui-kuan

1. sudden teachings (avatamsakasutra)
2. gradual teachings:

a) the distinct teachings of the three vehicles (prajnaparamitrasutra)
b) the pervasive teaching of the three vehicles (vimalakirtinirdesa and bramaavisecainipariprccha)
c) the restraining and praising teaching (Perfection of Wisdom)
d) the identical-goal teaching (Lotus Sutra)
e) the teaching of eternal abiding (Nirvana Sutra)

2 Two Truths on Three Levels
common truth
1. being
2. both being and non-being
3. both being and non-being and neither being nor non-being
higher truth
1. non-being
2. neither being nor non-being
3. both not being and not non-being and neither not being nor not non-being
2 Two Types of Icchantikas 1. those who are momentarily lacking the parinirvana-dharma
2. those who are indefinitely so lacking
2 Two Vehicles 1. Buddhist disciples
2. self-enlightened sages
Cleary & Cleary
3 Three Bases of Buddha Nature 1. the true basis (real nature; Buddha nature)
2. basis of understanding (wisdom)
3. basis of conditions (practice)
Cleary & Cleary
3 Three Baskets (of scriptures)
(Skt. tripitaka; Pali. tipitaka)
1. Vinaya-pitaka: origin of the sangha; rules for monks and nuns
2. Sutra-pitaka: discourses of the Buddha
3. Abhidharma-pitaka: writings and discourses on Buddhist psychology and    philosophy
3 Three Bodhisattvas 1. Manjushiri (wisdom)
2. Samantabhadra (practice)
3. Kuan-yin (compassion)
3 Three Bodies of the Buddha
1. dharmakaya (body of essence; body of the Law)
2. sambhogakaya (body of bliss, purity)
3. nirmanakaya (body of magical transformation)
3 Three Categories 1. five aggrates
2. twelve entrances
3. eighteen realms of sense
3 Threefold Delusion 1. active at present
2. innate
3. force of habit
3 Three Entrances to Liberation see Three Meditations  
3 Three Essentials 1. deed
2. word
3. thought
3 Three Falls of Ts'ao Shan 1. being a water buffalo: fall of an ascetic
2. not accepting food: fall of the precious
3. not cutting off sound and form: fall according to kind
Cleary & Cleary
3. Threefold Cessation of Chih-i 1. cessation as realizing emptiness
2. cessation as realizing expedient conditions
3. cessation as an end to both discriminatory extremes
3 Threefold Contemplation of Chih-i 1. contemplating the real (conventional reality)
2. contemplating the unreal (emptiness)
3. contemplating neither the real nor unreal; contemplating both the real and     unreal (the Middle Way)
3 Threefold Training (trisiksa) 1. training in moral discipline (shila)
2. training in the mind (samadhi)
3. training in wisdom (prajana)
3 Threefold Truth of Chih-i 1. emptiness; no substantial being = supreme truth
2. convential, dependent co-arising phenomena = worldly truth
3. affirmation of emptiness and convential truth = Middle Way
3 Three Gates to Nirvana 1. voidness
2. formlessness
3. inactivity
3 Three Gates of the Yun Men Sect

1. What contains and includes the universe?
2. What stops the flow of reincarnation?
3. What is the state of one wave follwoing another?

3 Three Greatnesses of Asvaghosa 1. ti: substance
2. hsiang: appearance
3. yung: function
3 Three Ignorances of the Arahat
(of Vasubandhu)
1. the eighteen special (avenika) dharmas of the Buddha which are extremely subtle (paramasuksma)
2. the infinite variety of gross and subtle material aggregates (paramanusancita) that are distant in place
3. those that are remote in time (viprakrstakala)
3 Three Indestructibles 1. infinite body
2. endless life
3. boundless spiritual possessions
3 Three Jewels; Three Treasures
Three Refuges
Threefold Refuge (J. sambo;
Skt. triratna; Pali. tisarana )
1. Buddha
2. Dharma
3. Sangha
3 Three Learnings of the Mahayana 1. learning of the precepts
2. learning meditation
3. learning wisdom
3 Three Liberations (vimosksha) 1. recognition of ego and all dharmas as empty
2. recogniction of all dharmas as formless and without distinctions
3. recognition of existence as unworthy of desire (suffering)
3 Three Meditations 1. meditation of emptiness (sunyata)
2. signlessness (animitta): noncognition
3. wishlessness (apranihita): freedom from desire; nonattachment
3 Three Mysteries of Rinzai Zen
(J. sangen)
1. mystery within the body
2. mystery within words
3. mystery within mystery
3 Three Natures of Yogacara Reality 1. the imagined (parikalpa)
2. the dependent (paratantra)
3. the perfected (parinispanna)
3 Three Necessities of Rinzai Zen
(J. san'yo)
1. great root of faith
2. great ball of doubt
3. great overpowering will
3 Three Part Robe (of a Buddhist monk or nun) (trichivara) 1. undergarment wrapped about loins and thigh (antara-vasaka)
2. overgarment (uttarasanga)
3. cloak (sanghati)
3 Three Phases of Buddhist Teachings
of Pai Chang
1. detachment from everything
2. not abiding in detachment
3. not having any understanding of non-abiding
(non-awarness of non-duality)
Cleary & Cleary
3 Three Phases of Understanding
a kung an
1. seeing its intent
2. practical application
3. transcendence
Cleary & Cleary
3 Three Phrases Within
a Phrase of Yun Men
1. cutting off the stream
2. covering heaven and earth
3. going along with the waves
Cleary & Cleary
3 Three Pillars of Tibetan Buddhism 1. rules of discipline (vinaya)
2. teachings of Nagarjuna
3. teachings of Asanga
3 Three Pillars of Zen 1. teaching
2. practice
3. enlightenment
3 Three Poisons 1. desire
2. anger
3. stupidity (ignorance)
3 Three Qualities of the Body of Reality see Three Bases  
3 Three Realms of Hell 1. fire
2. blood
3. knives
3 Three Seals 1. sealing mud: for the sort that considers something has been attained and leaves traces
2. sealing water: for whom something is attained but leaves no traces
3. sealing space: for superior ones who attain and leave no trace
Cleary & Cleary
3 Three Sovereigns 1. Fu Hsi (J. Fushi)
2. Nu Wa (J. Joga)
3. Shen Nung (J. Shinno)
3 Three Stages on
the Path of Purification
1. sila: moral conduct and character
2. smadhi: mental concentration
3. panna: liberating knowledge of human existence
3 Three Subdivisions of Suffering 1. suffering that consists of suffering (duhkha-duhkhata)
2. suffering that consists in being compounded ( samskara-duhkhata)
3. sufferng that consists in transformation (viparinama-duhkhata)
3 Three Teachings of Ancient China 1. Taoism
2. Confusianism
3. Buddhism
3 Three Thrones of the Buddha 1. lion throne
2. lotus throne
3. Mount Meru
3 Three Treatises of Kumarajiva
1. the Middle Way (Chung lun; Madhyamika Sastra by Nagarjuna)
2. Twelve Gates (Shih-erh men lun; Dvadasanikaya Sastra by Nagarjuna)
3. the one hundred verses (Po lun; Sata Sastra by Aryadeva)
3 Three Unwholesome Roots 1. desire
2. hatred
3. delusion
3 Three Vehicles (triyana) 1. sravakas
2. pratyekabuddhas
3. bodhisattvas
3 Three Virtues 1. dharmakaya (the essence of the universe; the dharma; the law)
2. prajna (wisdom)
3. moksa (enlightenment)
3 Three Vehicles 1. sravakayan: understanding the truth of the Buddha teachings
2. pratyekabuddhayana: understanding the truth through self-awakening
3. bodhisattvayana: understanding the highest level of wisdom (bodhi)
3 Three Wholesome Roots
1. nongreed (alobha)
2. nonhatred (advesa)
3. nonignorance (amoha)
3 Triple World
(Trailokya; Triloka)
1. kamadhatu: realm of sensuous desire
2. rupadhatu: realm of form
3. arupadhatu: formless realm of pure spirit
3 Three Woeful Paths 1. hell beings
2. hungry ghosts
3. animals
see also Four Evil Forms of Being
4 Four Alternatives 1. being
2. non-being
3. both being and non-being
4. neither being nor non-being
4 Four Applications of Mindlfulness
(see also Four Mindfulnesses)
1. mindfulness of body
2. mindfulness of feeling
3. mindfulness of thoughts
4. mindfullness of all things
4 Four Bodhisattva Actions
1. dana: giving to others; charity
2. priyavacana: affectionate speech
3. arthakrtya: conduct profitable to others
4. samanarthata: cooperation with others; adaptation of oneself to others
4 Four Buddha Realms
1. realm where all classes dwell (Buddha, disciples, outsiders, men, etc)
2. temporary realm where inhabitants are free of unenlightened thoughts but    will be reborn
3. realm of reward, for Bodhisattvas
4. realm of stillness and illumination, the abode of Buddhas
4 Four Certainties
of a Buddha
1. perfect enlightenment is irreversible
2. all defilements are exhausted
3. all obstacles have been overcome
4. the way of abandoning has been proclaimed
4 Four Deva Kings
Four Guardians of the Dharma
Four Maharajas
1. Dhritarashtra (eastern guardian; Upholder of the Nation)
2. Virupaksha (western guardian; Wide-Eyed)
3. Vaishravana (northern guardian; Hearer of Many Teachings)
4. Virudhaka (southern guardian; Increase and Growth)
Soka Gakkai
4 Four Dharmadhatu 1. the phenomenal realm, with differentiation
2. the noumenal realm, with unity
3. the realm of the interdependence of the phenomenal and noumenal
4. the realm of the phenomenal which are also interdependent
4 Four Evil Forms of Being
1. hell beings
2. hungry ghosts
3. animals
4. titans
4 Four False Notions of the Hinayana 1. illusion that there is a real self (ego) in the five skandhas
2. that this personality is is different from beings on other paths
3. that all beings have an ego born of the five skandhas
4. that the ego has a determined or fated period of life
4 Fourfold Dharmadhatu of Hua-yen

1. the world of shih (events, appearance, particularity)
2. the world of li (reality, universality)
3. the world of li and shih perfectly interfused
4. the world of perfect mutual solution between shih and shih

4 Fourfold Relationship Between Questioner and Answerer
(ssu pin chu; from Lin-chi)
1. pin chien chu: guest sees host
2. chu chien pin: host sees guest
3. chu chien chu: host sees host
4. pin chien pin: guest sees guest
4 Four Formless Meditations
1. dwelling in spheres of ethereal infinity
2. infinity of consciousness
3. nothingness
4. neither ideation nor non ideation
4 Four Fruits of the Way (shika)
see also Four Knowledges of Sainthood enterer
2. once returner
3. never returner
4. arahat who has no more need to study
4 Four Great Vows 1. though the many beings are numberless, I vow to save them
2. though greed, hatred and ignorancess rise endlessly, I vow to cut them off
3. though the dharma is vast and fathomless, I vow to understand it
4. though Buddha's way is beyond attainment, I vow to embody it fully
Diamond Sangha
4 Four Graces 1. grace of parents
2. grace of all beings
3. grace of the Ruler
4. grace of Triratna (Buddha, Dharma, Sangha)
4 Four Gross Components 1. earth
2. water
3. fire
4. air
4 Four Illnesses 1. grasping the body as oneself
2. grasping the four gross components
3. grasping the five clusters
4. grasping the twelve sense media
4 Four Infinite Minds see Four Sublime Attitudes (brahma-vihara)  
4 Four Jhanas (four stages of the Buddha's enlightenment) 1. First Meditation: initial and discoursive thoughts; born of aloofness; rapturous and joyful
2. Second Meditation: devoid of initial and discoursive thoughts; born of concentration; rapturous and joyful
3. Third Meditation: dwelling in equanimity, attentiveness and clear consciousness; joy
4. Fourth Meditation: neither joy nor anguish; purification by equanimity and mindlfulness, without defilements; mind becoming fixed and immovable
4 Four Jhanas of Samkya Yoga 1. free from passions and evil thoughts but in possession of thought and pleasure born from discrimination
2. cessation of movement of thought; rapturous pleasure born of concentration
3. elimination of rapture but physical pleasure remains
4. all pleasure ceases; even-minded concentration remains
4 Four Kalpas 1. the kalpa of creation
2. the kalpa of continuance
3.the kalpa of decline
4. the kalpa of disintegration
Soka Gakkai
4 Four Kinds of Samadi of Chih-i
1. constantly sitting (ch'ang-tso-san-mei)
2. constantly walking (ch'ang-hsing san-mei)
3. part walking, part sitting (pan-hsing pan-tso san-mei)
4. neither walking nor sitting (fei-hsing fei-tso san-mei)
4 Four Knowledges of Sainthood (arahatship) see also
Four Fruits of the Way
1. free from affectation and affliction
2. pure conduct
3. accomplishment of what was to be done
4. free from further existence in the profane state
Cleary & Cleary
4 Four Levels of the Two Truths
of Chi-tsang
1. being (yu) = worldly truth (samvrtisatya)
non-being (wu) = real/supreme truth (paramarthasatya)
2. duality of being and emptiness = worldly truth (samvrtisatya)
neither being nor non-being = real/supreme truth (paramarthasatya)
3. affirmation and denial of being and non-being = worldly truth
transcendence of all dualities = real/supreme truth (paramarthasatya)
4. all three levels above = worldly truth (samvrtisatya)
beyong verbalization; beyond conceptualization = real/supreme truth (paramarthasatya)
4 Four Medicines
(for the Four Illnesses)
1. the two elements of matter and mind
2. the four gross components and the five clusters
3. the twelve sense media
4. the eighteen elements
4 Four Mindfulnesses 1. the body (kaya)
2. affective sensation (vedana)
3. the mind (citta)
4. doctrinal formulas (dharma)
4 Four Modes of Birth 1. from the womb
2. from the egg
3. from moisture
4. from transformation of forms
4 Four Noble Truths
1. All existence is suffering (duhkha)
2. There is a cause for suffering (samudaya)
3. There is an end to suffering (nirodha)
4. The Eightfold Noble Path as the means to end suffering (marga)
4 Four Offerings 1. food
2. clothes
3. bedding
4. medicine
4 Four Perfect Exertions
1. exertion of restraint
2. exertion of overcoming unwholesomeness
3. exertion of developing wholesomeness
4. exertion of maintaining wholesomeness
4 Four Phases
of a Thought of Chih-i
1. pre-thought [not yet thinking] (wei-nien)
2. imminent thought [being about-to-think] (yu-nien)
3. the thought proper [actually thinking] (cheng-nien)
4. completed thought [having thought] (nien-i)
4 Four Phrase Essence
of the Lotus Sutra
1. all the doctrines possessed by the Thus Come One
2. all the freely exercised supernatural powers of the Thus Come One
3. the storehouse of all the secret essentials of the Thus Come One
4. all the most profound matters of the Thus Come One
Soka Gakkai
4 Four Processes of Liberation from Subjectivity and Objectivity
(ssu liao chien; from Lin-chi)
1. tuo jen pu tuo ching: take away the man but not his objective situation
2. tuo ching pu tuo jen: take away the objective situation but not the man
3. jen ching chu tuo: take away both the man and the situation
4. jen ching chu pu tuo: take away neither the man nor the situation
4 Four Propositions of Ching-yuan 1. body shows land
2. land shows body
3. body and land show each other at once
4. no sign of body or land
4 Four Propositions of Nagarjuna 1. identity
2. difference
3. negation
4. affirmation
4 Four Repudiations of the Truth
1. to assert definitely that things exist
2. that they do not exist
3. that they both exist and do not exist
4. that they neither exist nor do not exist
4 Four Right Efforts
(shi shogon)
1. discard wrongdoings that have arisen
2. prevent the arising of unarisen wrongdoings
3. develop unarisen good actions
4. augment arisen good actions
4 Four Sacred Mountains (of China) 1. Wu-t'ai-shan
2. P'u-t'o-shan
3. O-mei-shan
4. Chiu-hua-shan
4 Four Shouts of Lin-chi 1. to cut off a student's thoughts
2. to scare away all perverted views
3. to see the students' reaction and discover their shortcomings
4. to awaken the fully aroused potentiality of students
4 Four Sublime Attitudes
1. loving kindness to all (metta)
2. compassion to all (karuna)
3. limitless joy over the salvation of others (mudita)
4. limitless equanimity to friend or foe (upeksha)
4 Four Stages of Formlessness (arupasamadhi) 1. stage of limitlessness of space (akasha)
2. stage of limitlessness of consciousness (vijnana)
3. stage of nothing whatever
4. stage of beyond awareness and non-awareness
4 Four Stages of the Dharma 1. the opening up of the Enlightened One's wisdom
2. the revelation of the Enlightened One's wisdom
3. the awakening to the Enlightened One's wisdom
4. the entry into the Enlightened One's wisdom
4 Four Stages of
Spiritual Development
1. realisation of the noble truth of suffering
2. one who will have but one more birth
3. one who will not be reborn again
4. arahant
4 Four Teachings of the Buddha 1. sudden (direct) teaching
2. gradual teaching
3. secret teaching
4. indeterminate teaching
4 Four Turnings of the
Wheel of Dharma of Tao-sheng
1. the dharma wheel of goodness and purity
2. the dharma wheel of expedient means
3. the dharma wheel of truth
4. the dharma wheel without residue
4 Four Upside -down Views 1. permanence (nicca)
2. bliss (sikha)
3. self-hood (atta)
4. purity (subha)
4 Four Wisdoms of the Buddha 1. great mirror wisdom
2. wisdom of equality
3. profound observing wisdom
4. perfecting wisdom
4 Four Ways of Living Like Brahma 1. friendliness (maitri)
2. compassion (karuna)
3. sympathetic joy (mudita)
4. equanimity (upeksa)
5 Five Aggrates
Five Skandhas
1. rupa: material element
2. vedana: sensation
3. samjna: perception
4. samskara: formative principal
5. vijanana: consciousness
5 Five Bikkhus
(first converts of the Buddha)
1. Ajnata-Kaundinya (Ajnata-Kondanna) [first Buddhist monk]
2. Bhadrika (Bhaddiya)
3. Asvajit (Assaji)
4. Vaspa (Vappa)
5. Mahanaman (Mananama)
5 Five Clusters see 5 Skandhas  
5 Five Commandments 1. abstain from killing
2. abstain from stealing
3. abstain from adultery
4. abstain from lying
5. abstain from intoxicating liquors
5 Five Confrontations of the Natural Phenomena of the External World of the Platform Sutra 1. heaven and earth
2. sun and moon
3. darkness and light
4. yin and yang
5. water and fire
5 Five Eyes (Eyesight) of the Buddha 1. physical eyes
2. divine eyes (perception of divine beings)
3. wisdom eyes (perception of the two vehicles Sravakas and Pratyekabuddhas)
4. Dharma eyes (perception of the bodhisattvas)
5. Buddha eyes (perception of the Buddha)
5 Five Expedient Methods
(of dhyana) (Wu fang-pien men)
1. freezing the mind dhyana (ning-hsin ch'an)
2. subduing the mind dhyana (chih-hsin ch'an)
3. true essence dhyana (t'i-chen ch'an)
4. expedient methods for conforming to circumstances dhyana (fang-pien sui-yuan ch'an)
5. eliminitating the distinctions of the two extremes dhyana
(hsi erh-pien fen-pieh ch'an)
5 Five Expedient Means
of nien-fo Samadhi
1. calling the Buddha's name to attain rebirth in the Pure Land
2. visualizing the form of the Buddha to eradicate sins
3. realizing that all items of perception are mind-only
4. transcending both the mind and its objects of perception
5. the perfect understanding of nature origination
5 Five Fetters (samyojana)
(see also Ten Fetters)
1. belief in individuality (drishti)
2. scepticism (vichikitsa)
3. clinging to rites and rules
4. craving or desire (trishna, kama)
5. hatred
5 Fivefold Cause and Effect cause and effect in terms of:
1. object of belief
2. differentiation
3. equality
4. accomplishment of practice
5. entry of realization
5 Fivefold Dharmakaya 1. above all moral conditions
2. tranquil and apart from false ideas
3. wise and omniscient
4. free, unlimited and unconditioned
5. perfect knowledge of 4 above
5 Fivefold Method of Commentary
on a Sutra (T'ien T'ai School)
1. explanation of the title
2. definition of its body or substance
3. determining its principle
4. consideration of its function or applicability
5. ascertaining its teaching
5 Five Forms of Sentient Life see Five Modes of Existence  
5 Five Guides for Propagating
Buddhism of Nichiren (J. go-ko)
1. the teaching
2. the people's capacity
3. the time
4. the country
5. the sequence of propagation.
Soka Gakkai
5 Five Hellish Sins 1. patricide
2. matricide
3. murder of an arhat
4. injury to a buddha
5. creating a schism in the sangha
5 Five Hindrances (nivarana) 1. desire (abhidya)
2. ill will (pradosha)
3. sloth and topor (styana and middha)
4. restlessness and compunction (anuddhatya and kaukritya)
5. doubt (vichikitsa)
5 Five Houses of Zen (Ch'an) 1. House of Igyo (Igyo; Kuei-yang)
2. House of Rinzai (Linji; Lin-chi)
3. House of Soto (Caodong; Ts-ao-tung)
4. House of Ummon (Ummon; Yun-men)
5. House of Hogen (Fayan; Fa-yen)
5 Five Levels of Achievement
(from Tung-shan)

1. subjectivity
2. objectivity
3. non-action (from which action emerges)
4. interfusion of action and non-action
5. freedom from both action and non-action

5 Five Levels of Discernment Vijnaptimatrata of K'ui-chi 1. dismissing the false, preserving the real (ch'ien-hsu ts'un-shi)
2. relinquishing the diffuse, retaining the pure (sh-lan liu-ch'un)
3. gathering in the extensions, returning to the source (she-mo kuei-pen)
4. suppressing the subordinate, manifesting the superior (yin-lueh shien-shen)
5. dismissing the phenomenal aspects, realizing the true nature (ch'ien-hsiang cheng-hsing)
5 Five Meditations on
Stopping the Mind
(J. gojoshin-kan)
1. meditation on the vileness of the body
2. meditation on compassion
3. meditation on dependent origination
4. meditation on the correct discernment of the phenomenal world
5. breath-counting meditation
Soka Gakkai
5 Five Modes of Existence (gati)
(see also Six Levels
of Reincarnation
1. hell
2. hungry ghosts
3. animals
4. human beings
5. devas


Five Mountain Monasteries
of China
1. Wanshou Monastery, Mt. Jing
2. Lingyin Monastery, Mt. Bei
3. Jingde Monastery, Mt. Taibo
4. Jingci Monastery, Mt. Nan
5. Guangli Monastery, Mt. Ayuwan
5 Five Periods (of the Buddha's Teachings) 1. Flower Garland period (3 weeks)
2. Agama period (12 years)
3. Vaipulya period (8 years)
4. Wisdom period (22 years)
5. Lotus and Nirvana period (8 years)
Soka Gakkai & Ikeda
5 Five Periods of Impurity
(five kasaya)
1. the kalpa in decay, suffers deterioration giving rise to
2. deterioration of view, egoism arises
3. passions and delusions of desire, anger, stupidity, pride and doubt arise
4. resulting in increase in misery, decrease in happinness
5. span of human life gradually decreases to ten years
Luck2 (Diamond Sutra)
5 Five Points of Mahadeva

arahats may have
1. passions
2. ignorance
3. doubt
4. need to recieve instructions from others
5. the Path may be attained by a sudden shout


5 Five Positions of Prince and Minister (master & servant; lord & vassal)
of Tung Shan
1. real and the seeming
2. body and function
3. principle and activity
4. absolute and relative
5. noumenon and phenomenon
5 Five Ranks of the
House of Tsao-tung
1. the real containing the seeming
2. the seeming containing the real
3. resurgence of the real
4. the seeming uniting with the real
5. integration of the real and the seeming
(see also Five Ranks)

5 Five Relations Between
Universality and Particularity
of Tung-shan (J. goi)
1. particularity in universality
2.universality in particularity
3. enlightenment emerging from universality
4. enlightenment emerging from particularity
5. enlightenment achieved between universality and particularity
5 Five Sections of the Pali Cannon (agama) 1. digh-nikaya; dirghama (long discourses)
2. majjhima-nikaya; madhyamagama (medium discourses)
3. smyutta-nikaya; samyuktagama (grouped, connected discourses)
4. anguttara-mikaya; ekottaragama (numerical discourses)
5. khuddaka-nikaya; ksuddakagama (division of smaller books)
5 Five Skandhas
(aggrates of attachment)
1. rupa: material element [form]
2. vedana: sensation
3. samjna: perception
4. samskara: formative principal [mental formations]
5. vijanana: consciousness
Chung-yuan [Shambhala]
5 Five Stages of the
Emergence of Thought

1. the desires of the mundane world
2. discrimination of opposites arising from thoughtless states
3. idles thoughts leading to more of the same
4. shameful thoughts upon realization that one's previous thoughts have been idle
5. quietude where one is free from thoughts of desire, discrimination, idleness, shame

5 Five Taste Zen of Guifeng Zongmi 1. non-Buddhist
2. ordinary people
3. Hinayana
4. Mahayana
5. Supreme-vehicle (Bodhidharma's Zen)
5 Five Temptations (panca-kelsa) 1. desire
2. anger or resentment
3. stupidity or foolishness
4. arrogance
5. doubt
5 Five Types of Zen of Kuei-feng 1. bonpu (practice without religious motivation)
2. gedo (religious practice outside of Buddhist teachings)
3. shojo (Hinayana zen directed towards one's own inner peace)
4. daijo (Mahayana zen; actualization of the 'great way' of Buddhism)
5. saijojo (shikantaza; realization of the buddha-nature of all beings)
5 Five (False) Views 1. one views one's mind and body as one's own possession
2. believing that life ends with death, or that life persists after death in some eternal and unchanging form
3. denial of the law of cause and effect
4. adhering to misconceptions and viewing them as truth, while regarding inferior views as superior
5. viewing erroneous practices or precepts as the correct way to enlightenment
Soka Gakkai
5 Five Virtues 1. faith
2. mindfulness
3. energy
4. concentration
5. wisdom.
5 Five Watches of the Night 1. 7 to 9 pm
2. 9 to 11 pm
3. 11 to 1 am
4. 1 to 3 am
5. 3 to 5 am
5 Five Wisdoms of Mahavairochana 1. the wisdom of the essence of the phenomenal world
2. the great round mirror wisdom
3. the non-discriminating wisdom
4. the wisdom of insight into the particulars
5. the wisdom of perfect practice
Soka Gakkai
6 Six Activities 1. walking
2. standing still
3. sitting
4. lying down
5. eating
6. speaking
6 Six (Seven) Ancient Buddhas 1. Vipashyin
2. Shikin
3. Vishvabhu
4. Krakuchchanda
5. Konagamana
6. Kashyapa
(7. Shakyamuni)
6 Six Consciousnesses
Six Dusts
Six Gunas (sense data)
Six Thieves
1. sight
2. hearing (sound)
3. smell
4. taste
5. touch
6. thought (dharma)
Soka Gakkai (Luck2)
6 Six Difficult Acts
(of the Lotus Sutra)
1. to propagate the Lotus Sutra widely
2. to copy it or cause someone else to copy it
3. to recite it even for a short while
4. to teach it even to one person
5. to hear of and accept it and inquire about its meaning
6. to maintain faith in it.
Soka Gakkai
6 Six Harmonies of the Sangha 1. corporal harmony (the same work)
2. verbal harmony (the same silence)
3. mental harmony (the same tolerance)
4. ethical harmony (the same practice)
5. ideological harmony (the same understanding)
6. material harmony (the same equality of benefits)
6 Six Heterodox Teachers
1. Puranakasyapa
2. Maskari-gosaliputra
3. Sanjaya-vairatiputra
4. Ajita-kesakambala
5. Kakuda-katyayana
6. Nirgrantha-jnatiputra
6 Six Houses and Seven Schools
(liu-chia ch'i-tsung)
1. school of appearances as such
2. school of stored impressions
3. school of illusions
4. school of causal combination
5. school of the nonbeing of the mind
6. school of fundamental nonbeing
7. modified school of fundamental nonbeing
6 Six Levels of Reincarnation
(Karma of Six Courses)
1. as a spirit in hell
2. as a bodiless ghost
3. as an animal
4. as a malevolent spirit
5. as a human
6. as a deva
6 Six Patriarchs of Zen 1. Bodhidharma (J. Bodaidaruma)
2. Hui-k'o; Dazu Huike (J. Taiso Eka)
3. Seng-ts'an; Jianzhi Sengcan (J. Kanchi Sosan)
4. Tao-hsin; Dayi Daoxin (J. Daii Doshin)
5. Hung-jen; Daman Hongren (J. Daiman Konin)
6. Hui-neng; Dajian Huineng (J. Daikan Eno)
Shambhala & Ferguson
6 Six Perceptions (vijnanas)
Six Desires (kamakaya)
1. sight (caksu)
2. ear (srotra)
3. nose (ghrana)
4. tongue (jihva)
5. body; touch (kaya)
6. mind (mano-vijnana)
6 Six Perfections (paramitas)
of the Sutra on Perfect Wisdom
1. perfect charity (dana)
2. perfect observation of the precepts [discipline] (sila)
3. perfect perseverance (ksanti) [patience; endurance]
4. perfect energy (virya) [zeal and progress]
5. perfect meditation (dhyana)
6. perfect wisdom (prajna)
Yuichi & [Luck2]
6 Six Procedures for
Attaining Samatha
1. determining where your mistakes lies; discriminating between good and evil
2. remedies for these mistakes
3. applying the remedies to correct the mistakes
4. from excessive quietude, innocence arises
5. quietude without consciousness leads to innocence; consciousness without    quietude leads to discrimination
6. consciousness plus quietude leads to illumination, freeing the mind of    discrimination and attachment
6 Six Propositons of Hua-yen 1. manifesting object within object
2. manifesting subject within subject
3. manifesting object within subject
4. manifesting subject within object
5. manifesting subject and object
6. manifesting object and subject within subject
6 Six Sense Objects 1. colours and forms
2. sounds
3. odours
4. tastes
5. textures
6. phenomena
Soka Gakkai
6 Six Sense Organs
Six Gates
1. eyes
2. ears
3. nose
4. tongue
5. body
6. mind
Soka Gakkai
6 Six Supernatural Powers
1. divine sight
2. divine hearing
3. knowledge of the minds of all beings
4. knowledge of all forms of previous existences of self and others
5. power to appear at will in any place and to have absolute freedom
6. insight into the ending of birth and death
6 Six Tastes (rokumi) 1. bitter
2. sour
3. sweet
4. hot
5. salty
6. plain
7 Seven Arrogances 1. to think that one is superior to those inferior to oneself and that one is equal to one's equals
2. to think that one is superior to one's equals and equal to those who are superior to oneself
3. to think that one is superior to those superior to oneself
4. to be attached to the self based on the delusion that one's life is a permanent entity
5. to think that one has gained a truth that one has not yet perceived
6. to think that one is not much inferior to those who far surpass oneself
7. to pretend to possess virtue when one lacks virtue
Soka Gakkai
7 Seven Articles
(seven possessions of a monk)
1. three robes
2. one bowl
3. incense burner
4. whisk
5. prostration cloth
6. paper bedcloth
7. bathing articles
7 Seven Degrees
of Enlightenment
1. discerning the true and the false (dharma-pravicaya-sambodhyanga)
2. zeal to practice the Dharma (virya-sambodhyanga)
3. delight in the Dharma (pritisambodhyanga)
4. riddance of all coarseness and weight of body and mind ( prasra-sambodhyanga)
5. power of remembering dhyana and prajna (smrti-sambodhyanga)
6. power to realize singleness of mind (samadhi-sambodhyanga)
7. indifference to, renunciation of, all states (upeksa-sambodhyanga)
7 Seven Emotions 1. pleasure
2. anger
3. sorrow
4. joy
5. love
6. hate
7. desire
7 Seven Fundamental Elements 1. fire
2. earth
3. water
4. wind
5. space
6. knowledge
7. perceptibility
7 Seven Halls
(of a Zen monastery)
1. mountain gate (J. sanmon)
2. buddha hall (J. butsuden)
3. lecture hall (J. hatto)
4. latrine (J. tosu)
5. monks' hall (J. sodo)
6. bath house (J. yokushitusu)
7. kitchen-office (J. kuin)
7 Seven Items
(characteristics) of a Teacher
1. great capacity and great function
2. swiftness of wit and eloquence
3. wondrous spirituality of speech
4. the active edge to kill or bring life
5. wide learning and broad experience
6. clarity of mirroring awareness
7. freedom to appear or disappear
Cleary & Cleary
7 Seven Purities     purity in
1. the precepts
2. in heart
3. in views
4. in doubt-discrimination

5. in judgement
6. in intellection
7. in nirvana
7 Seven Riches 1. hearing the Dharma
2. faith
3. discipline
4. meditation
5. zeal and devotion
6. abnegation
7. shame
7 Seven Schools see six houses and seven schools  
7 Seven Treasures 1. gold
2. silver
3. lapis lazuli
4. crystal
5. agate
6. rubies or red pearls
7. cornelian
8 Eight Aspects of
Attaining the Way
1. the future Buddha's descent from the Tusita heaven
2. birth on earth
3. leaving home
4. cultivating ascetic practices
5. conquering demons
6. realizing enlightenment
7. teaching
8. entering final nirvana
8 Eight Auspicious Symbols (ashtamangala) 1. parasol (symbol of royal dignity)
2. two fish (symbol of the universal monarch)
3. conch shell (symbol of victory in battle)
4. lotus blossom (symbol of purity)
5. vase of sacred water (the nectar of immortality)
6. furled banner (symbol of victory of spirituality)
7. knot of eternity
8. wheel of the Dharma

8 Eight Difficult Situations
(to see the Buddha or hear the Dharma)
1. hell
2. realm of hungry ghosts
3. realm of animals
4. remotest districts
5. heaven of longevity
6. realm of those born before and after the Buddha
7. realm of those with common sense or eloquence
8. realm of the blind, deaf and dumb
8 Eightfold Noble Path 1. correct views (samyagdrsti)
2. correct thought (samyaksamkalpa)
3. correct speech (samyag-vac)
4. correct conduct (samya-karmanta)
5. correct livelihood (samyag-ajiva)
6. correct zeal; effort (samyag-vyayama)
7. correct rememberance of the right Dharma; mindfulness (samyak-smrti)
8. correct meditation (samyak-samadhi)
8 Eight Liberations
1. liberation by examination and realization of the filthiness of all things
2. liberation when no subjectivie desire arises
3. liberation from all desires
4. liberation by realization of the infinity of space
5. liberation in realizing infinite knowledge
6. liberation in realizing nothingness
7. liberation where there is neither thought or no thought
8. liberation by the extinction of sensation (vedana) and conception (sanjna)
8 Eight Negations of Nagarjuna 1. no elimination
2. no production
3. no destruction
4. no eternity
5. no unity
6. no manifoldness
7. no arriving
8. no departing
8 Eight Chinese Zen Schools
(not of the "Five Houses")
1. Oxhead School (Niutou Farong)
2. East Mountain School (Dayi Daoxin & Daman Hongren)
3. Northern School (Yuquan Shenxiu)
4. Southern School (Dajian Huineng)
5. Sichuan School (Zizhou Zhishen)
6. Heze School (Heze Shenhui)
7. Hongzhou School (Mazu Daoyi)
8. Hunan School (Shitou Xiqian)
8 Eight Mysterious Qualities of the Ocean
(from the Nirvana Sutra)
1. it gradually becomes deeper
2. being deep, its bottom is hard to fathom. Third,
3. its salty taste is the same everywhere
4. its ebb and flow follows certain rules
5. it contains various treasure storehouses
6. creatures of great size exist and dwell in it
7. it refuses to house corpses
8. it takes in all rivers and heavy rainfall without either increasing or decreasing
9 Nine Consciousness
(nine vijnana)
1. sight consciousness (chakshur-vijnana )
2. hearing consciousness (shrota-vijnana)
3. smell consciousness (ghrana-vijnana)
4. taste consciousness (jihvavijnana)
5. touch consciousness (kaya-vijnana)
6. mind consciousness (mano-vijnana)
7. mano-consciousness; 'the inner spiritual world' (mano-vijnana)
8. alaya consciousness; 'store-house' consciousness; the 'unconscious' (alaya-vijnana)
9. amala consciousness; fundamental pure consciousness (amala-vijnana)
Soka Gakkai
9 Nine Patriarchs of T'ien T'ai 1. Nagarjuna
2. Hui Wen
3.Hui Ssu
4. Chih Che (Chih-i)
5. Kuan Ting
6. Fa Hua
7. T'ien Kung
8. Tso Ch'i
9. Chan Jan
9 Nine Worlds 1. Bodhisattvas
2. Pratyekas
3. Sravakas
4. devas
5. men
6. asuras
7. animals
8. hungry ghosts
9. denizens of hell
10 Ten Bodies of Buddhas 1. the body of sentient beings
2. the body of lands
3. the body of rewards of action
4. the body of Buddhist disciples
5. the body of self-enlightened people
6. the body of enlightening beings
7. the body of completely enlightened ones
8. the body of knowledge
9. the body of space
10. the body of reality
10 Ten Bodies of the
Completely Enlightened Ones
1. the body of enlightenment
2. the body of vows
3. the incarnate body
4. the body of preservation of enlightening teachings
5. the body of adornment with marks of greatness
6. the body of powers
7. the body of adaptation
8. the body of virtues
9. the body of knowledge
10. the body of reality
10 Ten Bonds 1. shamelessness
2. unblushingness
3. envy
4. meanness
5. regretfulness
6. torpidity
7. unstableness
8. gloominess
9. anger
10. secret sinning
10 Ten Contemplations
Contemplations (meditation) on
1. the Enlightened One (Buddha)
2. the teaching (dharma)
3. the community (sangha)
4. discipline (shila)
5. generosity (dana)
6. heavenly beings (deva)
7. death
8. the body
9. the breath (anapanasati)
10. peace
10 Ten Concentrations 1. universal light
2. subtle light
3. psychic powers to travel to all lands
4. practice with a pure profound mind
5. knowing the treasury of adornments of the past
6. treasury of light of knowledge
7. knowing the adornments of Buddhas in all worlds
8. different bodies of all living beings
9. cosmic freedom
10. unobstructed wheel
10 Ten Directions 1. north
2. south
3. east
4. west
5. northeast
6. southeast
7. northwest
8. southwest
9. up
10. down
Soka Gakkai
10 Ten Disciples of Hui-neng

1. Fa-hai
2. Chih-ch'eng
3. Fa-ta
4. Chih-ch'ang
5. Chih-t'ung

6. Chih-ch'e
7. Chih-tao
8. Fa-chen
9. Fa-ju
10. Shen-hui
10 Ten Epithets of the Buddha 1. perfect
2. holy one or saint
3. fully enlightened
4. gifted in knowledge
5. well-gone one
6. knower of the worlds
7. unsurpassable teacher of men
8. teacher of gods and men
9. awakened one
10. sublime one
10 Ten Fetters
1. belief in individuality (drishti)
2. scepticism (vichikitsa)
3. clinging to rites and rules
4. craving or desire (trishna, kama)
5. hatred
6. craving for refined corporeality
7. craving for incorporeality
8. conceit
9. excitability
10. ignorance
10 Ten Great Disciples of the Buddha 1. Mahakashyapa
2. Ananda
3. Shariputra
4. Subhuti
5. Purna
6. Mahamaudgalyayana
7. Katyayana
8. Aniruddha
9. Upali
10. Rahula
10 Ten Names of the Buddha 1. Tathagata
2. Arahat
3. Unsurpassable Enlightened One
4. Holder of True Knowledge and Conduct
5. Well-Arrived One
6. Knower of the World
7. Matchless One
8. Excellent Trainer
9. Teacher of Devas and Humans
10. Buddha, the World-honored One
10 Ten Powers of a Buddha dasatathagatabala

to know:
1. what is right and wrong in every situation
2. the retributive effects of past, present and future karmas of every being
3. all stages of dhyana liberation and samadhi
4. the powers and faculties of all beings
5. the desires or moral direction of every being
6. the actual condition of every being
7. the direction and consequences of all laws
8. all causes of morality and good and evil in their reality
9. the end of all beings and nirvana
10. the destruction of all illusion of every kind

10 Ten Precepts 1. not to kill
2. not to steal
3. not to commit sexual misconduct
4. not to lie
5. not to sell liquor
6. not to speak of the faults of lay or home-leavers
7. not to praise self or disparage others
8. not to hold back teaching or materials
9. not to harbour anger
10. not to slander the three treasures
10 Ten Procedures for
Repentance of Chih-i
1. preparations (for self-inspection?)
2. adorning the sanctuary
3. performing obeisance
4. fixing one's attention (mindfulness)
5. preparing the willow and water
6. inviting the Three Jewels
7. reciting the dharani
8. exposing and confessing (sins)
9. doing prostrations
10. sitting in meditation
10 Ten Profound Applications
of Mind
1. purity
2. stability
3. reliquishment
4. freedom from craving
5. nonregression
6. firmness
7. glowing brightness
8. courage
9. broadmindedness
10. magnanimity
10 Ten Profound States of Mind 1. truthfulness
2. flexibility
3. capability
4. control
5. peacefulness
6. pure goodness
7. nondefilement
8. nonattachment
9. broadmindedness
10. magnanimity
10 Ten Realms of T'ien-t'ai
(Mo-ho chih-kuan)
1. realm of the five aggregates; the phenomenal realm
2. realm of blind passions
3. realm of illness
4. realm of karmic law
5. realm of demons
6. realm of meditation
7. realm of dogmatic views (about meditation)
8. realm of arrogance and pride
9. realm of two vehicles (rooted in negative emptiness)
10. realm of the bodhisattvas
10 Buddha's Ten Reasons for
Giving a Ruling
1. for the excellence of the sangha
2. for the comfort of the sangha
3. for the restraint of evil-minded men
4. for the ease of well-behaved monks
5. for the control of the contaminations in the here and now
6. for the combattng of the contaminants if future worlds
7. for the benefit of outsiders
8. for the increase in the number of insiders
9. for the establishing of the dhamma
10. for following the rules of discipline
10 Ten Rules (for bodhisattvas) (dasakusala) 1. not to kill
2. not to steal
3. not to commit adultery
4. not to tell lies
5. not to use harsh words
6. not to utter words causing enmity between people
7. not to engage in idle talk
8. not to be greedy
9. not to be angry
10 not to have wrong views
10 Ten Rules (of living) 1. Avoid the path of degredation; foster relations with virtuous people
2. Live in an environment that fosters spiritual practice and good character
3. Learn more about the Dhamma, the precepts and your own trade in depth
4. Take care well of your parents, spouse and children
5. Share time, resources and happiness with others
6. Cultivate virtue; avoid alcohol and gambling
7. Cultivate humility, gratitude and simple living
8. Seek opportunities to be close to monks to study the Way
9. Live a life based on the Four Noble Truths
10. Learn to meditate to end suffering
Singala Sutta
in Singh
10 Tsung-mi's Ten Stages in the Process of Enlightenment 1. sudden enlightenment (sun-wu)
2. resolving to attain enlightenment (fa-hsin)
3. cultivating the five practices (hsiu wu-hsing)
4. spiritual development (k'ai-fa)
5. emptiness of self (wu-k'ung)
6. emptiness of dharma (fa-k'ung)
7. mastery of form (se-tzu-tsai)
8. mastery of mind (hsin-tzu-tsai)
9. freedom from thought (li-nien)
10. attainment of Buddhahood (ch'eng-fo)
10 Ten Stages of Development
of a Bodhisattva into
a Buddha (dasabhumi)
1. dry wisdom stage
2. embryo stage of the nature of Buddha truth
3. stage of eight patient endurances
4. freedom from wrong views
5. freedom from six of the nine delusions in practice
6. freedom from the remaining three
7. complete discrimination in regard to wrong views and thoughts
8. pratyekabuddhahood
9. bodhisattvahood
10. Buddhahood
10 Ten Stages of Bodhisatttvahood (dasabhumisvara) 1. extreme joy
2. purity
3. reflugence
4. flamelike wisdom
5. difficult to conquer

6. presence
7. travelling afar
8. imperturbabililty
9. perfect intellect
10. clouds of truth
10 Ten Qualities for Those on the Eightfold Path 1. steadfastness
2. sincerity
3. self-respect
4. vigilance
5. seclusion from the world

6. contentment with little
7. simplicity of tastes
8. non-attachment
9. aversion of worldly activities
10. patience
10 Ten Royal Virtues (for Kings) 1. alms-giving (dana)
2. morality (sila)
3. liberality (pariccaga)
4. honesty (ajjava)
5. mildness(maddava)
6. self-restricition (tapas)
7. Non-anger (akkodha)
8. non-violence (avihimsa)
9. patience (khanti)
10. non-offensiveness (avirodhana)


Twelve Divisions (of Mahayana) 1. sutra (prose discourses)
2. geya (verses which repeat the substance of the sutras)
3. gatha (verses of ideas not contained in the sutras)
4. nidana (historical narratives)
5. itivrittaka (past lives of the disciples of the Buddha)
6. jataka (past lives of the Buddha)
7. adbhutadharma (tales of the Buddha's miracles)
8. avadana (allegories)
9. upadesa (discussions of the doctrine)
10. udana (statements by the Buddha not in reply to questions)
11. vaipulya (sutras on broad subjects)
12. vyakarana (prophecies of the Buddha regarding enlightement of his    disciples)
12 Twelve-Membered Dependent Origination;
Twelve Links of the
Chain of Causation
1.avidya (ignorance)
2. samskara (volition = karman)
3. vijnana (consciousness)
4. nama-rupa (name-form)
5. sadayatana (six organs)
6. sparsa (contact)
7. vedana (feelings)
8. trsna (desire)
9. upadana (attachment)
10. bhava (existence = karman)
11. jati (birth)
12. jara-marana (old age and death)
12 Twelve Entrances of Hui-neng 1. six dusts
2. six gates
12 Twelve Sense Media the six sense organs or facilities, including cognition
their six associated data fields
16 Sixteen Defilements of the Jnanaprasthana 1. three fetters (samyojana)
2. three unvirtuous roots (akusalamula)
3. three fluxes (asrava)
4. four floods (ogha)
5. four connections (yoga)
6. four attachments (grahana)
7. four ties to the body (kayagrantha)
8. five hindrances (nivarana)
9. five fetters (samyojana)
10. five fetters of the lower realms (avarabhagiyasamyojana)
11. five fetters of the upper realms (urdhvabhagiyasamyojana) (see Ten Fetters)
12. five views (drsti)
13. six desires (kamakaya)
14. seven contaminants (anusaya)
15. nine fetters (samyojana)
16. ninety-eight contaminants (anusaya)
18 Eighteen Elements 1. the six sense organs
2. their objects
3. their perceptions
18 Eighteen Types of Questions of Fen Yang 1. asking for instruction
2. presenting one's understanding
3. investigating and discerning
4. meeting of minds
5. wrapping up (focusing)
6. mental activity
7. seeking out
8. not understanding
9. lifting up
10. posing a question
11. intentional question
12. using things/events
13. real question
14. fabricated question
15. making sure
16. eliciting
17. clarifying
18. silent question
Cleary & Cleary
19 Nineteen (Twenty) Confrontations
(of the Platform Sutra)
1. the incorrect and the correct
2. ignorance and wisdom
3. stupidity and knowledge
4. confusion and samadhi
5. following the precepts and not following them
6. straight and crooked
7. real and unreal
8. steep and level
9. passions and enlightenment
10. compassion and harm
11. joy and anger
12. giving and begrudging
13. progressing and retrogressing
14. birth and destruction
15. permanence and impermanence
16. the Dharmakaya and the physical body
17. the Nirmanakaya and the Sambohogakaya
18. substance and function
19. nature and characteristics
(20. sentience and insentience)
28 Twenty-eight Indian
Patriarchs of Zen
1. Mahakashyapa
2. Ananda
3. Shanavasin
4. Upagupta
5. Dhitika
6. Mishaka
7. Vasumitra
8. Buddhanandi
9. Buddhamitra
10. Parshva
11. Punyayasha
12. Anabodhi
13. Kapimala
14. Nagarjuna
15. Kanadeva
16. Rahulabhadra
17. Samghanandi
18. Samghayathata
19. Kumaralata
20. Shayata
21. Vasubandhu
22. Manorata
23. Haklenayasha
24. Simhabodhi
25. Bashashita
26. Punyamitra
27. Prajnadhara
28. Bodhidharma
32 Thirty-two Marks of Perfection
(of the Buddha)
1. level feet
2. sign of the thousand-spoked wheel on the soles of the feet
3. long, slender fingers
4. broad heels
5. curved toes and fingers
6. soft, smooth hands and feet
7. arched feet
8. lower body like an antelope's
9. arms reaching to the knees
10. virile member without narrowing in the foreskin
11. powerful body
12. hairy body
13. thick, curly body hair
14. golden-hued body
15. body that gives off rays ten feet in every direction
16. soft skin
17. rounded hands,shoulders and head
18. well-formed shoulders
19. upper body like a lion's
20. erect body
21. powerful, muscular shoulders
22. forty teeth
23. even teeth
24. white teeth
25. gums like a lion's
26. saliva that improves
the taste of all foods
27. broad tongue
28. voice like Brahma's
29. clear blue eyes
30. eyelashes like a bull's
31. lock of hair between the eyebrows
32. cone-shaped elevation on the crown of the head
Buswell, Robert E Jr. The Path to Perdition: The Wholesome Roots and Their Eradication in Paths to Liberation: The Marga and Its Transformations in Buddhist Thought
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